Читая книгу «Жизненный цикл животных», автора Рэйчел Бладон, вы откроете для себя удивительный мир животных … Вы узнаете: Какие животные вылупляются из яиц, что такое метаморфоз и многое другое!
Эта книга содержит очень интересный и образовательный контент с множеством упражнений и заданий!
Рекомендации по просмотру: делайте видео во весь экран.
Смотреть / слушать адаптированную аудиокнигу на английском языке в видео формате «Animal Life Cycles» онлайн:
adult a person or animal that has finished growing
alive living: not dead
alligator a large reptile with a long tail that lives in rivers and lakes
amount how much there is of something
anteater an animal with a long nose; it eats ants
attack to fight with someone or something
backbone the line of small bag that are down the middle of an animal’s back
balloon a small bag that becomes bigger and rounder when you blow into it
beak the hard pointed part of a bird’s mouth
become to change into; to start to be
born when you come out of your mother’s body at the beginning of your life
bottom the opposite of top
breathe to take in and let out air through your nose and mouth
breed to have babies
bright strong and easy to see (for colors)
bubble a ball of air
call a loud sound that animals make
camouflaged difficult to see because it ‘s the same shape or color as everything around it
case something to keep things in
chameleon a small lizard
change to become different; to make something different
chemical a solid or liquid that is made by chemistry
chick a baby bird
cicada a large insect
claw a sharp nail on the end of an animal or bird’s foot
cliff a high rock
cockroach a large, brown insect with wings
cover a thing that is put over something to keep it safe or to make it look nice
crab an ocean animal with a hard shell and eight legs
cricket a small brown jumping insect that makes a loud sound
croak to make a low, hard sound
current a large amount of warm or cold water that moves around the ocean
damage to make something bad or weak
danger when something could hurt or kill people or animals
dead not living any more
den an animal’s home
die to stop living
dig to make a hole in the ground
energy we need energy to move and grow
enough how much we want or need
escape to get away from something
feather birds have many of these; they are soft and light and cover their body
female a woman or girl; an animal that can lay eggs or have babies
fertilize to join sperm from the male with an egg from the female
fin a thin flat part that sticks out from a fish’s body and helps it to swim
float to move slowly on water or in the air
follow to go after somebody or something
gill fish and some amphibians have these on the side of their head; they are open parts that they use for breathing
give birth to to produce a baby or young animal
grass a green plant
grasshopper an insect with long back legs that can jump very high
ground the land that we stand on
grow to get bigger
hatch to come out of an egg
hibernate to go into a special, long sleep
hide to go somewhere where you will not be seen; to put something where it will not be seen
hole a space in something
insect a very small animal with six legs
join together to become one thing
kill to make somebody or something die
koala an Australian animal with gray fur, big ears, and no tail
lake a big area of water
lay eggs to produce eggs
leopard a wild animaI from the cat family
lung a part of the body that is for breathing; most animals and people have two
male a man or boy; an animal that cannot usually have babies
mark a cut or a small area of dirt on something
mate an animal that another animal has babies with
metamorphosis when an animal changes to look completely different
migrate to move from one place to another to live
moth an insect like a butterfly, but not so brightly colored
move to go from one place to another
mud wet soil
neck the part between the head and the rest of the body
need to want something because it is very important
ocean the salt water that covers most of Earth
octopus an ocean animaI with eight arms
oxygen a gas that is in air and water; people, plants, and animals need it to live
pollution something that makes air, land, or water dirty
pouch a bag of skin on some animals
predator an animaI that hunts and eats other animals
produce to grow or make something
push to make something move away
queen the most important female insect in a group
river water on land that goes to the ocean
road cars and other vehicles travel on it
safe not in danger
scale hard material that covers the skin of many fish and other animals
seahorse a small ocean fish; it swims standing up on its tail
shark a large ocean fish
shell a hard cover on the outside of some animals
shout to make a very loud sound
shrew a small animal with a long nose; it’s like a mouse
silver a shiny gray color
similar like someone or something
skin a thin layer that covers an animal
special different and important
species a group of the same type of animal or plant
speckled covered with small marks
sperm males produce it ; it joins with an egg to produce young
spider a very small animal with eight legs
sticky it stays with things that touch it
stream a small river
stuck held together
tail the part of an animal’s body that comes out at the back
termite an insect like an ant that lives in big groups
toad a small animal like a frog
turtle (also tortoise) a large reptile with a hard, round shell
twig a very small, thin part of a tree
unborn not yet born
waterfall where a river falls from a high place
web thin strings of silk made by spiders to catch insects
weigh if you weigh something you see how heavy it is
wing part of a bird, insect, or bat’s body; it is used for flying
without not having something; not doing something
young baby animals
1 Life Cycles
Pages 36 -37.
1 Complete the sentences.
Vertebrates backbone invertebrates small arthropods
1 Animals that have no backbone are invertebrates.
2 Most invertebrates are very ________.
3 The biggest group of invertebrates is the ________.
4 95% of the animal species in the world are ________.
5 Animals that have a backbone are ________.
2 Complete the chart.
threadworm Mammals Echinoderms sponge
snail Reptiles Flatworms frog Arthropods
|1 animals that eat plants and animals||carnivores|
|2 when sperm joins with an egg||invertebrates|
|3 animals that have a backbone||herbivores|
|4 animals that produce sperm||arthropods|
|5 animals that eat plants||omnivores|
|6 an important group of invertebrates||fertilization|
|7 an important group of vertebrates||males|
|8 animals that eat other animals||reptiles|
|9 animals that produce eggs||females|
|10 animals that have no backbone||vertebrates|
4 Answer the questions.
1 How do scientists put animals into groups?
When animals are the same in many ways.
2 Why are people dangerous for animals?
3 How long can a Galapagos tortoise live for?
4 How long does a mayfly usually live for?
5 Do birds and reptiles give birth to baby animals?
6 How do mammals care for their babies?
Pages 38 – 39.
1 Complete the puzzle. Then write the secret word.
1 An insect larva changes into an adult inside a ___.
2 A baby insect ___ from an egg.
3 Insects have a hard cover called an ___.
4 ___ are baby insects that look very different from their parents.
5 ___ lay their eggs in a special case.
6 Insects ___ when their exoskeleton becomes too small.
7 ___ is when a larva or nymph changes into an adult insect.
8 ___ are baby insects that often look like their parents.
9 A butterfly larva is called a ___.
10 ___ turn on lights in their body when they are looking for a mate.
The secret word is: ________
2 Circle the correct words.
1 There are more than a million species of insect / butterfly.
2 Most insects start their life in a pupa / an egg.
3 During complete / incomplete metamorphosis, an insect becomes more like an adult every time it molts.
4 During complete / incomplete metamorphosis, an insect changes into an adult inside a pupa.
5 Termite queens can lay up to 3,000 / 30,000 eggs every day.
3 Answer the questions.
1 What is baby bee called?
2 What is a baby locust called?
3 What happens to an insect’s exoskeleton when it molts?
4 How do male crickets, cicadas, and grasshoppers find a mate?
5 Where does a cardinal beetle lay her eggs?
6 Why are beetle eggs usually yellow, green, or black?
3 Other Invertebrates
Pages 40 – 41
1 Find the words. Then complete the chart.
2 Write about spiders.
Three things that I read about spiders on page 14:
Another thing that I know about spiders:
3 Complete the sentences.
12 10,000 3 25 10 200,000 10
1 Some female octopuses lay about ____ eggs.
2 Earthworm eggs hatch after about ____ months.
3 When they are caring for their eggs, octopuses do not eat for up to ____ months.
4 Young earthworms can mate when they are ____ months old.
5 A female lobster can lay up to ____ eggs, but only about ____ of them will live.
6 Lobsters molt ____ times before they become adults.
|1 Lobsters||are hermaphrodites.|
|2 Earthworms||live at the top of the ocean after they hatch.|
|3 Octopuses||put their eggs in strings.|
|4 Lobsters||have male and female parts.|
|5 Earthworms||die after their eggs hatch.|
|6 Octopuses||often eat their old shell after molting.|
|7 Lobsters||keep their eggs in special rings.|
|8 Earthworms||live in dens at the bottom of the ocean.|
|9 Octopuses||carry their eggs hidden under their tail.|
Pages 42 – 43
1 Complete the chart.
2 Complete the sentences.
salmon shark stickleback tuna fish whale shark seahorse
1 A male ______ carries eggs in a special pouch on his front.
2 Some species of ______ lay their eggs in a hard egg case.
3 A ______ can lay up to six million eggs at one time.
4 A ______ only grows into an adult when it’s 25 years old.
5 When a ______ is looking for a mate, he builds a nest and he changes to a red color.
6 To breed, a ______ swims back to the rivers where it hatched.
3 Write true or false.
1 Most baby fish hatch from eggs.
2 Most fish only lay one egg.
3 Inside every egg there’s a bag of food called the yolk.
4 When young fish hatch, the yolk bag is still stuck to their body.
5 When young fish hatch, they already have fins.
6 Most fish stay with their eggs until they hatch.
4 Complete the sentences. Then write the numbers.
breed die hatch swim
1 Sockeye salmon hatch from eggs.
2 Then they ______ to the ocean.
3 They swim back to the rivers where they hatched to ______.
4 After breeding, they ______.
Pages 44 – 45
1 Write V or X. Then write sentences.
1 Amphibian larvae don’t have lungs. They have
They usually live________________________
2 Amphibian adults_______________________
2 Write the words.
1 Some live in water all their life. (dramasneal) — salamander
2 The male carries the eggs on his back until they are ready to hatch. (dimifewdato) — __________
3 The larva of a frog or toad. (dopleat) — __________.
4 The male keeps his tadpoles in his throat. (swindragorf) — __________
3 Correct the sentences.
1 Most amphibians live for some of their life in air and for some of their life on land.
Most amphibians live for some of their life in water and for some of their life on land.
2 Only 50% of the eggs that frogs lay will become adults.
3 During metamorphosis, many amphibians become herbivores.
4 Most amphibians go to dry places to breed.
4 Answer the questions.
1 How many eggs do amphibians lay?
2 When amphibians change into adults what happens to their gills?
3 How do most adult amphibians breathe?
4 Why do most amphibians live near water?
5 How do male frogs tell females that they are ready to breed?
Pages 46 – 47
1 Find and write the words.
2 Match. Then write sentences.
|If a predator catches a lizard,||for a mate.|
|Monitor lizards fight||the lizard can break off its tail.|
|To find a mate, crocodiles||its old skin comes off.|
|When a snake grows,||a nest from mud and leaves.|
|Alligators make||blow bubbles in the water.|
1 If a predator catches a lizard, the lizard can break off its tail.
3 Circle the correct words.
1 Reptiles are cold-blooded / warm-blooded.
2 Their skin is covered with fur / scales.
3 The stinkpot turtle makes a horrible smell from its legs / tail.
4 Some whiptail / monitor lizards can produce young without mating.
4 Write true or false.
1 The female Nile crocodile carries her babies to water inside her mouth.
2 Sloughing is when snakes lose their old skin.
3 Pythons lay their eggs and then they leave them.
4 Alligators don’t eat for weeks when they are keeping their eggs safe.
5 Order the words.
1 reptiles / from / Most / eggs. / hatch
Most reptiles hatch from eggs.
2 change / Chameleons / color. / can
3 lay / eggs / nest. / big / their / in / Alligators / a
4 their / smell. / Snakes / mate / find / by
Pages 48 – 49
1 Write V or X. Then write sentences.
have feathers. V
have fur or hair.
feed their babies milk.
1 Birds have feathers.
2 Answer the questions.
1 What is courtship?
2 Why do birds build nests?
3 What color are birds that build their nests on the ground?
4 Why do some birds have to make difficult journeys when they are very young?
3 Match. What does he do when he’s looking for a mate?
|1 frigate bird||He sings.|
|2 blue-footed booby||He builds a special place with bright colored things inside.|
|3 songbird||He shows his big feet.|
|4 bower bird||He pushes his red throat out.|
4 Find and write the words.
1 three things that birds use to make nests
grass ______ ______
2 three places where birds build nests
______ ______ ______
3 four things that chicks learn from their parents
______ ______ ______ ______
5 Order the words.
1 eggs / keep / Birds / warm. / their
2 biggest / the / Ostriches / eggs. / lay
3 their / have / tooth / a / on / beak. / special / Chicks
4 lay / birds’ / eggs / Cuckoos / their / other / nests. / in
Pages 50 – 51
1 Find and write the mammals. Then write the numbers.
1 polar bear
… Its gestation time is only two weeks.
l It digs a den in the snow so its babies will be warm.
… It grows in its mother’s pouch for up to a year after it is born.
… It stays close to its mother until it’s ten years old.
… It carries its babies on its back for the first year.
… It makes marks on trees when it’s looking for a mate.
… It fights with its neck with other males when it’s ready to mate.
… You are one!
2 Circle the correct words.
1 The gestation time for shrews is 2 / 22 weeks.
2 Baby kangaroos are only 50 / 5 centimeters long when they are born.
3 When mammals breed, the males / females usually choose a mate.
4 All mammals produce milk / water to feed their babies.
5 Mammals have fur or hair / scales or shells.
3 Complete the sentences.
placenta habitats marsupials gestation
1 When babies grow inside the mother’s body, it’s called _______.
2 Inside the mother’s body, baby mammals get food and oxygen from the _______.
3 Koalas and kangaroos are _______.
4 The places where animals live are called _______.
4 Complete the chart with animals from the book.